Vitamins and Minerals

Fe | Iron

02. Mar 2021

Iron is responsible for several vital bodily functions, such as oxygen transportation. It is part of the hemoglobin molecule, which binds to oxygen, hence its...

Zn | Zinc

02. Mar 2021

Zinc is present in all bodily tissues and fluids, and forms an essential part of many enzymes that play a role in the metabolism of...

Ca | Calcium

02. Mar 2021

Calcium is by weight one of the most abundant elements in the human body and is mostly found in the bones and teeth. It most...

Mg | Magnesium

02. Mar 2021

The total content of magnesium in the human body is about 25 g, 50-60% of which is found in the bones. It is a cofactor in...

I | Iodine

02. Mar 2021

Iodine is especially important for the synthesis of thyroid hormones. The most important sources of iodine are seafood and seaweed. Symptoms of long-term deficiency are usually...

K | Potassium

02. Mar 2021

Potassium is a biogenic element present in every organism. It plays several roles in the human body. For example, it helps maintain water balance in...

Vitamin K | Phylloquinone, Menaquinone

02. Mar 2021

Vitamin K is an essential micronutrient, sometimes referred to as a coagulative vitamin. It occurs in two natural forms: vitamin K1 (phylloquinone) and vitamin K2...

Vitamin E | Alfa-Tocopherol

02. Mar 2021

Vitamin E is a group of related substances—α-, β-, γ- and δ-tocopherols—which often occur as esters. In the human body, vitamin E serves as an...

Vitamin D | Ergocalciferol

02. Mar 2021

Vitamin D is chemically known as calciferol. Ergocalciferol (vitamin D2) comes from vegetable sources, while cholecalciferol (vitamin D3) comes from animal sources. Both vitamins have...

Vitamin C | Ascorbic Acid

02. Mar 2021

Vitamin C, or ascorbic acid, is a white, water-soluble crystalline substance with strong reducing properties. It is also an important antioxidant in the human body....

Vitamin B12 | Cobalamin

02. Mar 2021

The structure of vitamin B12 is the most complex of all vitamins. Its molecule has a porphyrin cycle similar to that of haem and chlorophyll...

Vitamin B9 | Folic Acid, Folate

02. Mar 2021

Folic acid, sometimes referred to as vitamin B9, folate, or folacin, is a water-soluble vitamin that occurs primarily in leafy vegetables, fruits, yeast, and some animal sources....

Vitamin B7 | Biotin

02. Mar 2021

Biotin is a water-soluble vitamin, sometimes referred to as vitamin B7 or vitamin H. This vitamin naturally occurs in yeast, liver, egg yolk, nuts, lentils,...